Diagnosis of PAD

Ankle Brachial Index for PAD

Ankle Brachial Index

A simple test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI) often is used to diagnose P.A.D. The ABI compares blood pressure in your ankle to blood pressure in your arm. This test shows how well blood is flowing in your limbs.

Pulse Volume Recording for PAD

Pulse Volume Recording

A Pulse Volume Recording is a test which compares the blood pressure in your legs to the blood pressure in your arms. It is a safe and painless test that helps your physician determine if your legs are getting the proper amount of blood supply.

Doppler Ultrasound for PAD Diagnosis


A Doppler ultrasound looks at blood flow in the major arteries and veins in the limbs. A handheld device is passed back and forth over the affected area. A computer converts sound waves into a picture of blood flow in the arteries and veins.



Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes, especially smoking cessation and exercise, are critical for every patient with PAD. If caught early enough, these lifestyle changes may be the only treatment necessary to lessen the symptoms of PAD.

Examples of Lifestyle Changes:

  • Consistent Exercise
  • Healthy Diet
  • Quit Smoking
Lifestyle Changes for PAD Patients


Minimally-Invasive Procedures

Sometimes, lifestyle changes and medication are not enough to manage the symptoms of PAD, and minimally-invasive treatments or by-pass surgery is required.

Minimally-Invasive Procedures Include:

  • Balloon Angioplasty
  • Stenting
  • Atherectomy
Minimally Invasive Procedures for PAD


By-Pass Surgery

If there's a long portion of artery in your leg that's completely blocked and you're having severe symptoms, surgery may be necessary. A vein from another part of the body can be used to “bypass” and reroute blood around the closed artery.

Benefits of Bypass Surgery Are:

  • Relieves PAD Symptoms
  • Restores Blood Flow To Extremeties
  • Treatment Lasts Many Years
Surgery Options for PAD


Download PAD Patient Kit