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Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot develops with a deep a vein, commonly in the legs. It can occur in one or more veins and can have some serious consequences should any of the clots break loose and travel to the lungs.
There are several risk factors associated with the development of DVT. If you have more than one of these, your risk could be even higher. Be mindful of any potential symptoms and consult with your physician if you have any of the following risk factors:
Deep vein thrombosis is not always accompanied by noticeable symptoms, making it especially important to be mindful of any risk factors you may have. When symptoms do present, they may include:
There are a couple of potential complications that can result from DVT. The most concerning and serious of these is pulmonary embolism.
As the most concerning potential complication of DVT, it is important that patients also understand the symptoms of a pulmonary embolism, which include:
Diagnosing DVT relies on a combination of symptoms, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. To confirm the presence of deep vein thrombosis, a physician may use:
How is Deep Vein Thrombosis Treated?
Treating DVT has two purposes: prevent the clot from growing and prevent the clot from moving to the lungs. This can be accomplished using one of the following techniques: